East Anglia


  • Population within measured contours: Primary 1.22 mn, Secondary 0.96 mn, Fringe 0.37 mn. Total 2.55 mn.
  • Channel: Band III Channel 11 (horizontally polarised)
  • Vision Carrier Frequency: Nominal 204.75 Mc/s. Actual 204.74325 Mc/s
  • Sound Carrier Frequency: Nominal 201.25 Mc/s. Actual 201.23 Mc/s
  • Effective Radiated Power: Vision 200 kw maximum. Sound 50 kw maximum.
  • Power of Transmitters: Vision (peak white) 2 x 5 kW. Sound (carrier) 2 x 1.25 kW
  • Heights above sea level: Site 200 ft. Mean aerial 1,150 ft.
  • Location: 1° 6′ 32″ E, 52° 14′ 3″ N.

Mendlesham (Channel 11)

Company: Anglia Television

The geographically large but not densely populated area of East Anglia which this station is designed to serve is of unusual interest to the technical planner. It is largely flat and circular in shape, with a diameter of about eighty miles. At first sight it seems to present an almost ideal case for service by an uncomplicated high-power station located at the geographical centre, radiating its power omnidirectionally. As so often happens, the simple approach could not be applied. The possibility of causing interference to West German viewers in the established service area of the Langenberg station and to French viewers of the Amiens station demanded that the power radiated over a prescribed south-easterly arc must not exceed about 15 kW. Other complications included the need to prevent interference in the service area of Chillerton Down, which uses the same channel, and the need to observe the principle that ITA and BBC stations should be adjacently sited.


Thus, to secure adequate service to the coastal areas of Suffolk and Essex, the site for the station had to be displaced well to the south-east of the geographical centre of the required service area and, incidentally, far from the BBC Norwich Band I station which serves much of the same general area. The Television Advisory Committee confirmed the Authority’s conclusion that adjacent siting could not be followed in this instance and that the best site for the ITA station was at Mendlesham, about fifteen miles north-west of Ipswich. The towns of Ipswich, Colchester, Felixstowe and Harwich would then be close enough to the station to be well served, despite the relatively low power radiated in their direction.

To compensate for the displacement of the station from the natural geographical centre it was necessary for the power radiated towards the west and north to approach 200 kW. Again, because of the very low height of the Mendlesham site, 210 ft. above sea level, a 1,ooo ft. mast was considered technically appropriate. This was the highest television mast to be constructed in Europe and the first of five of the same height subsequently used at other ITA stations. The building of the station began early in 1959, and after some corrective adjustments to the aerial power-feeding networks the station began programme service on 27th October 1959.

Channel Islands


  • Population within measured contours: Primary 0.0513 mn, Secondary 0.0449 mn, Fringe 0.0038 mn. Total 0.10 mn.
  • Channel: Band III Channel 9 (horizontally polarised)
  • Vision Carrier Frequency: Actual 194.75 Mc/s
  • Sound Carrier Frequency: Actual 191.25 Mc/s
  • Effective Radiated Power: Vision 10 kw maximum. Sound 2.5 kw maximum.
  • Power of Transmitters: Vision (peak white) 2 x 0.5 kW. Sound (carrier) 2 x 1.25 kW
  • Heights above sea level: Site 330 ft above sea level. Mean aerial 760 ft. above sea level
  • Location: 2° 7′ 52″ W, 49° 15′ 8″ N.

Fremont Point (Channel 9)

Company: Channel Television

The Channel Islands lie in a dispersed group well out in the English Channel and close to the French coast, off the Cherbourg Peninsula. The population is concentrated mainly in the two largest islands, Jersey and Guernsey, about 6o,ooo in the former and 4o,ooo in the latter. The largest town is St. Helier on Jersey. The distance between Jersey and the Authority’s nearest mainland transmitting station, Stockland Hill, is about 120 miles, virtually all across sea. The island nearest to Stockland Hill is Alderney, the path length in this case being about 8o miles.

Studies showed that the only Band III channel which could be used to cover the islands without causing harmful interference in the service areas of several French stations was Channel 9, horizontally polarised, and even with this channel it would be necessary to restrict the power radiated towards the French coast to about 1 kW. Accordingly it was necessary to site the transmitting station on the north coast of Jersey, where 1 kW was just enough to serve that island, and to beam a higher power, 10 kW, across the sea to Guernsey which lies 25 miles distant in the direction of the English mainland.

ill-fremont pointThe supply of mainland programmes to the Jersey station for rebroadcasting in the islands presented unusual problems because, of necessity, both Stockland Hill and Fremont Point had to use Channel 9. The solution was to install on the small island of Alderney an “off the air” receiving station using diversity reception techniques, to pick up the Channel 9, vertically polarised, transmission from Stockland Hill 8o miles away and pass it over a multichannel microwave link to Fremont Point. The overseas path length of the microwave circuit is about 4o miles. To ensure that the Stockland Hill signal could be received in Alderney without interference from Fremont Point, the power radiated by Fremont Point towards Alderney on the same channel had to be restricted to the low value of 200 watts. This means that the people of Alderney are unable to receive the local programmes transmitted by Fremont Point, but fortunately many of them are able, with good aerials and receivers, to view directly if somewhat inconsistently the transmissions from Chillerton Down on Channel 11.

There are many complications in this apparently simple vision link scheme. The distances are such that the changing propagation conditions over the sea paths involved will cause wide fluctuations in the strength of the signals received in Alderney from Stockland Hill, and for a small proportion of the time these signals may be unusable for rebroadcasting from Fremont Point. The programme service began on 1st September 1962.

Staff and Organisation

The staff of Independent Television as a whole amounts to some 8,000 people. This is apart from the many thousands of artistes and musicians who obtain employment each year with the programme companies, and also excludes the considerable numbers employed in ancillary industries serving Independent Television. Details of the staff, officers and members of the boards of the programme companies are given in pages 15-47. The following pages contain details of the staff and organisation of the Independent Television Authority itself.

The Senior Staff of the Authority
Director-General Sir Robert Fraser, O.B.E.
Deputy Director-General (Programme Services) B. C. Sendall, C.B.E.
Deputy Director-General (Administrative Services) A. W. Pragnell, O.B.E., D.F.C.
Chief Engineer P. A. T. Bevan, C.B.E.
Chief of Finance and Establishments L. Waight, C.M.G.
Secretary E. A. O. G. Wedell
Advertising Control Officer A. Graham
Programme Services Officer R. Ponsonby
Programme Clearance Officer Miss J. Choyce
Head of Regional Services F. H. Copplestone
Press and Information Officer M. Hallett
Publications Editor E. H. Croston
Head of Planning and Construction A. M. Beresford-Cooke, O.B.E.
Head of Operations and Maintenance R. C. Harman, O.B.E.
Senior Engineer (Transmitter Planning) T. S. Robson
Senior Engineer (Contracts) H. W. Boutall, M.B.E.
Senior Engineer (Lines) W. N. Anderson
Senior Engineer (Operations) P. S. Stanley
Senior Engineer (Maintenance) A. James
Accountant A. S. Curbishley, O.B.E.
Assistant Accountants R. G. Read, R. Bowes
Personnel Officer R. L. Fox
Deputy Personnel Officer R. H. R. Walsh
ITA Regional Officers
Northern Ireland WH Wilson
Wales and West of England LJ Evans
Southern England Cmdr GW Alcock, OBE, RN (Rtd)
East Anglia Major-General DAL Wade, CB, OBE, MC
Scotland John Lindsay
North-East England RJF Lorimer
South-West England and the Channel Islands WAC Collingwood, OBE
The North SD Murphy
The Midlands Vacant
Engineers-in-Charge of ITA Stations
St Hilary W Woolfenden
Lichfield NG Payne, MBE
Winter Hill WH Jarvis, MBE
Emley Moor ICI Lamb
Croydon GE Tagholm
Chillerton Down H French
Black Hill PT Firth
Burnhope FL Firth
Black Mountain R Cameron
Mendlesham WD Thomas
Dover PJ Darby
Caradon Hill K Archer
Stockland Hill GW Stephenson
Caldbeck HN Salisbury
Durris DH Rennie
Mounteagle PG James
Fremont Point WD Kidd
Presely L Evans
Moel-y-Parc E Warwick

ITA Organisation
The Authority’s staff on 1st January 1963 totalled 547, made up as follows:

  • Headquarters – 180
  • Regional Offices – 17
  • Transmitting Stations – 350

The major proportion of the Authority’s staff consists of the engineers directly concerned with the transmission of Independent Television programmes from the Authority’s twenty-two transmitters in various parts of the United Kingdom. The Regional Officers are similarly dispersed throughout the regional centres of television production, and act as the Authority’s representatives to the local television companies and the public in these areas.

Under the Director-General, the headquarters staff is divided into three divisions:

  • Programme Services
  • Administrative Services
  • Engineering

The Programme Services Division
This Division, under the Deputy Director-General (Programme Services), is responsible for the whole range of the output of Independent Television in both the programme and the advertising fields, its control and supervision. The Programme Department deals with the approval and supervision of programmes in relation to general matters such as balance, quality, good taste and decency, and the maintenance of political impartiality; and to detailed matters such as the administration of the control of hours of broadcasting and the requirements concerning foreign material. The Advertising Department deals with the whole range of advertising on television, and is responsible for ensuring that the strict control provisions which apply to advertisements are observed.

The Head of Regional Services, who works for the Deputy Director-General (Programme Services), co-ordinates the work of the Regional Officers and acts as the focal point for the liaison between the Authority and the regional companies.

A statistical unit attached to the Programme Services Department deals with the maintenance of the statistics of programme hours and foreign material, which are essential to the Authority’s work.

Administrative Services Division
This division, under the Deputy Director-General (Administrative Services), consists of three departments.

The Finance Department is responsible for the Authority’s internal financial controls and procedures, e.g. budgetary control, preparation of forward estimates of income and expenditure and submission of regular financial returns to the Authority. It is responsible also for advising the Authority on matters of financial policy and on the financial aspects of general policy. The Personnel Department is responsible for general establishment, accommodation and welfare matters and for liaison with the recognised staff union, the Association of Broadcasting Staff. Both these departments are under the direction of the Chief of Finance and Establishments.

The Secretariat, under the Secretary to the Authority, is responsible for the conduct of the business of the Authority itself and its contractual relations with the programme companies. The conduct of the business of the Standing Consultative Committee, which constitutes the formal link between the Authority and the programme companies, is also undertaken by the Secretariat Lastly, the Secretariat provides, as a common service to the Authority as a whole, the Press and Information Office, the Publications Department, and the Reference Library.

Engineering Division
This division is under the control of the Chief Engineer, who takes general responsibility for the development and maintenance of the Authority’s transmitting system. The division has two departments. The Planning and Construction Department is responsible for the siting, construction and equipment of the broadcast transmitting stations. The Operations and Maintenance Department is responsible for the running of the broadcast transmitting stations once they are built. The Engineers-in-Charge and staff of these stations are responsible to the head of this department. The Operations and Maintenance Department also includes a Lines Transmission Section, which is responsible for the planning of the programme distribution network and its daily operation. Certain point-to-point link construction, as well as radio propagation and specialised field strength measurements, are also undertaken by this section.

Training Facilities
The Authority’s station engineering staff receive training at special courses at the Marconi College at Chelmsford. These courses are residential and last for about four months each. There are two types of course: one concerned mainly with elementary principles, and the other a more advanced one dealing with the techniques employed on ITA transmitting stations.


Under Section 10 of the Television Act the Independent Television Authority is required to ensure that its revenue is at least sufficient (a) to meet all sums properly chargeable to revenue account, i.e. to meet all its running costs, to provide for depreciation, to pay interest on any loans made to it, to repay those loans, and to maintain a Reserve Fund; and (b) to finance capital expenditure.

Independent Television receives no income or financial support of any kind from public funds nor any part of the television licence fees. The Authority is dependent for its income on the rentals it secures from the programme contractors it appoints to supply programmes for broadcasting from its transmitting stations. To permit it to build the transmitting stations and to cover the initial running costs, the Television Act provided that the Authority could borrow up to £2 million. The terms agreed with the Treasury were that the Authority should pay interest at the rates current for public loans and should repay the whole of the advances by July 1964. The Authority borrowed only £555,000, which was fully repaid by July 1959.

In its first seven years and eight months the Authority has earned as income just over £20 million, mostly by rentals from the programme companies but including a relatively small amount of interest. About £8 million has been spent on running the service and providing for depreciation of fixed assets. Nearly £6 million has had to be paid to the Exchequer in income and profits tax. The balance of about £6.5 million was available to the Authority to do the other things required by the Act, i.e. to repay the loans made to it, to create and maintain its Reserve Fund, and to finance its capital expenditure.

Up to 31st March 1962 the Authority had spent nearly £4.9 million on fixed assets. Of this amount, nearly £1.6 million was provided by the depreciation which had accumulated on those assets. The rest, £3.3 million, had to come from the £6.5 million left after taxation. This left £3.2 million, of which £1.9 million has been put to Reserve Fund and invested in Government stocks and bonds, and nearly another £1 million has been paid over to the Exchequer in accordance with instructions of the Postmaster-General. The remainder, about £250,000, has been left with the Authority as a reserve to cover working expenses and the increased cost of replacing fixed assets.

Thus the Authority has since 1954 created a television transmitting network costing nearly £5 million at no charge to the public in the form of licence fees, excise duties, or taxation. In addition, it has contributed to the Exchequer nearly £6 million in taxation, and a further £1 million by direct payment. This is quite apart from the substantial sums paid to the Exchequer by the programme companies in respect of income tax, profits tax and the 11 per cent Television Advertisement Duty.

The following pages contain the ITA’s summarised revenue accounts covering the period from the passing of the Act on 29th July 1954 to the 31st March 1962, and Balance Sheets as at 31st March of each year since 1955.

Balance Sheet 31st March 1962
Capital expenditure 3,295,000
Increased cost of replacement of fixed assets 100,000
RESERVE FUND, created under Section 14 of the
Television Act, 1954 1,920,000
Unappropriated net revenue 143,764
Income tax, 1962-63 870,000
Taxation equalisation reserve 75,000
Amount payable under Section 13 (2) of the Television Act, 1954 531,311
Creditors and accrued liabilities 675,743
Current taxation 461,694 1,137,437
Cost Accumulated Depreciation
less depreciation
Buildings —freehold 808,881 38,099 770,782
—leasehold 274,401 119,002 155,399
Plant, equipment and motor vehicles 3,176,517 1,402,235 1,774,282
Furniture and fittings 105,775 18,081 87,694
4,365,574 1,577,417 2,788,157
Payments on account for plant and buildings under construction 505,255
RESERVE FUND INVESTMENTS (market value £1,990,449,
1961 – £1,480,551) 1,919,996
Stock of spares at cost 140,365
Secured loans to staff for house purchase 318,745
Debtors and payments in advance 558,404
Loans to government authorities
Tax reserve certificates
Short term investments (market value, £1,863,447,
1961 – £276,191 1,806,635
Balance with bankers and cash in hand 34,995
1. At 31st March 1962, the unexpended part of the Authority’s programme of station construction amounted to approximately £3,400,000 of which commitment amounting to £650,000 had been entered into.
2. The Authority has entered into agreements with the G.P.O. for hire of vision links under which indemnities may become payable if the links are surrendered by the Authority. At 31st March 1962, the maximum amount payable would have been £1,125,000.
Revenue Account for the Year ended 31st March 1962
Lines Network 634,818
Power, lighting and heating 45,462
Plant hire and maintenance 94,306
Transport 17,402
Salaries and wages 385,569
Site testing and field strength investigations 39,079
Sundry expenses inc. travelling and removal 57,905
Rent, rates and taxes 201,812
Telephones 14,555
Insurance 11,104
Lighting, heating and cleaning 14,769
Maintenance and repairs 4,700
Fees to members of the Authority 13,425
Advisory committee fees and expenses 3,822
Salaries 146,444
Professional fees and expenses 31,057
Sundry expenses, inc. research, travelling and stationery 68,516
Buildings —freehold 13,834
—leasehold 23,753
Plant, equipment and motor vehicles 313,070
Furniture and fittings 7,107
Profits Tax 390,000
Income tax on the profits of the year (after crediting tax of £112,000 on investment allowances) 903,577
NET REVENUE carried forward 1,409,311
Appropriation Account for the Year ended 31st March 1962
Taxation equalisation 38,000
Capital expenditure 740,000
Reserve fund
Increased cost of replacement of fixed assets 100,000
Amount payable under Section 13 (2) of the Television Act 531,311
Profit on realisation of investments 20,985
Net surplus on disposal of fixes assets 11,995
NET REVENUE brought forward 1,409,311
BALANCE brought forward from 1961 143,764

Summarised Revenue Accounts 1954-1962

Year ended:     31st March 1955 31st March 1956 31st March 1957 31st March 1958 31st March 1959 31st March 1960 31st March 1961 31st March 1962 Totals from 29th July 1954
Income     424,307 1,709,464 2,305,894 2,917,038 3,832,087 4,311,175 487,380 20,379,345
Expenditure: Engineering   94,181 285,825 417,076 653,115 828,669 977,965 1,274,541 4,531,372
  Premises   3197 10,550 34,530 36,547 49,683 74,718 94,331 246,940 550,496
  Management & Central Services   27375 87,482 95,546 112,936 144,847 173,271 200,082 263,264 1,104,803
  Superannuation Fund   2,420 5,542 12,361 16,051 27,066 34,832 33,983 132,255
  Depreciation   104 16,771 136,367 210,154 264,992 300,524 340,285 357,764 1,626,961
      30676 211,404 557,810 789,074 1,128,688 1,404,248 1,647,495 2,176,492 7,945,887
Taxation     74,989 464,817 675,000 820,000 1,140,000 1,345,000 1,293,577 5,813,383
Surplus for the year     (D) 30,676 137,914 686,837 841,820 968,350 1,287,839 1,310,680 1,409,311 6,620,075
Available surplus. including any balance brought forward     (D) 30,676 107,238 689,075 850,828 100,779 1,355,084 1,370,764 1,553,075 6,620,075
Disposal of Surplus: To Reserves: Tax Equalisation 105,000 55,000 40,000 27,000 -7,000 -78,000 38,000 180,000
    Loan Redemption 45,067 58,399 451,534 555,000
    Capital Expenditure 580,000 470,000 205,000 340,000 405,000 740,000 2,740,000
    Reserve Fund 250,000 250,000 970,000 450,000 1,920,000
    Contbtns. to the Exchequer 450,000 531,311 981,311
    Increased cost of replacement of fixed Assets 100,000 100,000
Unappropriated Balance     (D) 30,676 2,238 9,008 32,429 67,245 52,084 143,764 143,764 143,764
      (D) £30,676 £107,238 £689,075 £850,828 £1,000,799 £1,355,084 £1,370,764 £1,553,075 £6,620,075

Summarised Balance Sheets 1955-1962

Year ended: 31st March 1955 31st March 1956 31st March 1957 31st March 1958 31st March 1959 31st March 1960 31st March 1961 31st March 1962
Fixed Assets at Cost as payments on account of capital works in progress 29,281 735,566 1,519,070 1,966,661 2,433,287 3,072,786 3,814,155 4,870,829
Less Depreciation 0,104 16,864 152,969 362,979 627,071 924,011 1,259,312 1,577,417
Net Value of Fixed Assets 29,177 718,702 1,366,101 1,603,682 106,216 2,148,775 2,554,843 3,293,412
Reserve Fund Investments 360,368 499,988 1,470,004 1,919,996
Current Assets less Current Liabilities -3,917 -56,464 277,907 1,003,747 1,383,092 2,028,321 2,075,917 1,721,667
Total Net Assets 25,260 662,238 1,644,008 2,607,429 3,549,676 4,677,084 6,100,764 6,935,075
Advances by HM Postmaster-General less repayments 55,936 555,000 509,933 451,534 390,431
Loan Redemption Reserve 45,067 103,466 555,000 555,000
Capital Expenditure Reserve 580,000 1,050,000 1,255,000 1,595,000 2,555,000 3,295,000
Increased Cost of Replacement of Fixed Assets 100,000
Reserve Fund 250,000 500,000 147,000 1,920,000 192,000
Taxation Reserve 105,000 500,000 720,000 782,000 1,005,000 1,032,000 945,000
Contribution to the Exchequer 450,000 531,311
Unappropriated Balance on Revenue Account (Dr) 30,676 2,238 9,008 32,429 67,245 52,084 143,764 143,764
  £25,260 £662,238 £1,644,008 £2,607,429 £3,549,676 £4,677,084 £6,100,764 £6,935,075

Television Act 1954

Sections 3, 4, 5 and 6

3. General provisions as to programmes and publications of Authority

(1) It shall be the duty of the Authority to satisfy themselves that, so far as possible, the programmes broadcast by the Authority comply with the following requirements, that is to say —

(a) that nothing is included in the programmes which offends against good taste or decency or is likely to encourage or incite to crime or to lead to disorder or to be offensive to public feeling or which contains any offensive representation of or reference to a living person;

(b) that the programmes maintain a proper balance in their subject-matter and a high general standard of quality;

(c) that any news given in the programmes (in whatever form) is presented with due accuracy and impartiality;

(d) that proper proportions of the recorded and other matter included in the programmes are of British origin and of British performance;

(e) that the programmes broadcast from any station or stations contain a suitable proportion of matter calculated to appeal specially to the tastes and outlook of persons served by the station or stations;

(f) that due impartiality is preserved on the part of the persons providing the programmes as respects matters of political or industrial controversy or relating to current public policy; and

(g) subject as hereinafter provided in this subsection, that no matter designed to serve the interests of any political party is included in the programmes:

Provided that nothing in paragraph (g) of this subsection shall prevent —

(i) the inclusion in the programmes of relays of the whole (but not some only) of a series of the British Broadcasting Corporation’s party political broadcasts;

(ii) the inclusion in the programmes of properly balanced discussions or debates where the persons taking part express opinions and put forward arguments of a political character.

(2) It shall be the duty of the Authority to secure the exclusion from any publications which they may issue and, without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of subsection (1) of this section, from the programmes broadcast by them, of all expressions of their own opinion as to any of the matters referred to in paragraph (f) of the said subsection (1), or of the opinion as to any such matters of any of their members or officers, or of the opinion as to any such matters of any programme contractor or, in the case of a programme contractor which is a firm, of any partner therein or, in the case of a programme contractor which is a body corporate, of any director or officer thereof or person having control thereof.

(3) Nothing shall be included in any pro gramme broadcast by the Authority, whether in an advertisement or not, which offers any prize of significant value, whether competed for or not, or any gift of significant value, being a prize or gift which is available only to persons receiving that programme, or in relation to which any advantage is given to such persons.

(4) Except with the previous approval of the Authority, there shall not be included in any programme broadcast by the Authority —

(a) any religious service or any propaganda relating to matters of a religious nature;

(b) any item, whether an advertisement or not, which gives or is designed to give publicity to the needs or objects of any association or organisation conducted for charitable or benevolent purposes.

4. Advertisements

(1) The programmes broadcast by the Authority may, so long as the provisions of this Act are complied with in relation thereto, include advertisements inserted therein in consideration of payments to the relevant programme contractor or, in the case of an advertisement included in a programme or part of a programme provided under paragraph (b) of subsection (2) of section two of this Act, to the Authority.

(2) Orders for the insertion of the said advertisements may be received either through advertising or other agents or direct from the advertiser but neither the Authority nor any programme contractor shall act as an advertising agent.

(3) It shall be the duty of the Authority to secure that the provisions of the Second Schedule to this Act are complied with in relation to the advertisements included in the programmes broadcast by the Authority, whether provided by programme contractors or by the Authority.

(4) After consultation with the Authority the Postmaster-General may make regulations by statutory instrument amending, repealing, or adding to the provisions of the said Schedule.

(5) Without prejudice to any of the duties incumbent on the Authority otherwise than under this subsection in relation to advertisements, it shall be the duty of the Authority to consult from time to time with the Postmaster-General as to the classes and descriptions of goods or services which must not be advertised and the methods of advertising which must not be employed and to carry out any directions which he may give them in those respects.

(6) Nothing shall be included in any programmes broadcast by the Authority, whether in an advertisement or not, which states, suggests or implies or could reasonably be taken to state, suggest or imply, that any part of any programme broadcast by the Authority which is not an advertisement has been supplied or suggested by an advertiser; and, except as an advertisement, nothing shall be included in any programme broadcast by the Authority which could reasonably be supposed to have been included therein in return for payment or other valuable consideration to the relevant programme contractor or the Authority:

Provided that nothing in this subsection shall be construed as prohibiting the inclusion, in any part of a programme broadcast by the Authority which is not an advertisement, of any of the following matters, that is to say:—

(a) items designed to give publicity to the needs or objects of any association or organisation conducted for charitable or benevolent purposes;

(b) reviews of literary, artistic or other publications or productions, including current entertainments;

(c) items consisting of factual portrayals of doings, happenings, places or things, being items which in the opinion of the Authority are proper for inclusion by reason of their intrinsic interest or instructiveness and do not comprise an undue element of advertisement;

(d) announcements of the place of any performance included in the programme, or of the name and description of the persons concerned as performers or otherwise in any such performance, announcements of the number and description of any record so included, and acknowledgments of any permission granted in respect of any such performance, persons or record;

(e) such other matters (if any) as may be prescribed by regulations made by the Postmaster-General by statutory instrument after consultation with the Authority.

or as prohibiting the inclusion of an advertisement in any programme broadcast by the Authority by reason only of the fact that it is related in subject-matter to any part of that programme which is not an advertisement.

(7) Before making any regulations under this section the Postmaster-General shall lay a draft thereof before each House of Parliament, and shall not make the regulations until a resolution has been passed by each House of Parliament approving the draft.

5. Contracts for programmes

(1) It shall be the duty of the Authority to do all that they can to secure that persons who are disqualified persons as defined in this subsection do not become or continue as programme contractors, either alone or in partnership with other persons.

In this subsection, “disqualified person” means a person who —

(a) being an individual, is not ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man or the Channel Islands, or being a body corporate, is incorporated under the laws of any country outside the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands; or

(b) being an individual or a body corporate, carries on business as an advertising agent (whether alone or in partnership), or has control over any body corporate which carries on business as an advertising agent, or is a director or officer of any such body corporate, or is employed by any person who carries on business as an advertising agent;

(c) being a body corporate, is under the control of any such person as is mentioned in the foregoing paragraphs of this definition, or of any two or more such persons together, or has among its directors, officers or servants any person who is a disqualified person otherwise than by virtue of paragraph (a) of this definition.

(2) It shall be the duty of the Authority to do all that they can to secure that there is adequate competition to supply programmes between a number of programme contractors independent of each other both as to finance and as to control.

(3) It shall be the duty of the Authority to do all that they can to secure that no programme contractor acquires any exclusive or other rights in respect of the broadcasting of any matter in sound only from stations in the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man or the Channel Islands, other than matter which is to be so broadcast in a programme or part of a programme provided by him under this Act.

(4) No contract and no interest in a contract between a programme contractor and the Authority shall be assignable either in whole or in part without the previous consent in writing of the Authority.

(5) The Authority may require from time to time from the programme contractor such declarations, returns, documents and other information as the Authority may consider necessary or advisable for the purpose of ensuring that the requirements of this Act are complied with.

6. Special provisions to be included in contracts

(1) The contracts between the Authority and the various programme contractors shall contain all such provisions (including provisions for the purposes set out in the Third Schedule to this Act) as the Authority think necessary or expedient to be inserted for complying and securing compliance with the provisions of this Act and any restrictions or requirements imposed thereunder in relation to the programmes provided by the programme contractors:

Provided that the Authority shall not be enabled by any such contract to exercise any such power as is referred to in the said Third Schedule unless they are satisfied that it is necessary to do so having regard to a breach which they apprehend on the part of the programme contractor of any provision included in the contract in pursuance of this subsection.

(2) Every such contract shall in particular contain such provisions as the Authority think necessary or expedient as aforesaid for the payment by the programme contractor to the Authority of sums by way of penalty in the event of such breaches of his contract as may be specified in those provisions, and any such provision as is mentioned in this subsection shall be valid and enforceable in accordance with the terms thereof notwithstanding any rule of law restricting the cases in which or the extent to which provisions for penalties are legally enforceable:

Provided that every such contract shall be such as to secure —

(a) that the maximum penalty which may be demanded by the Authority by virtue of this subsection in the case of any breach shall not exceed five hundred pounds on a first occasion, one thousand pounds on a second occasion, or one thousand five hundred pounds on any subsequent occasion; and

(b) without prejudice to the power of the parties to agree upon any wider form of arbitration provision, that any dispute whether any such breach of contract has occurred as to give rise to a liability to such a penalty as aforesaid, or as to the amount demanded by way of penalty in respect of any such breach, shall be determined by arbitration.

(3) without prejudice to the previous provisions of this section, every contract between the Authority and a programme contractor shall contain a provision reserving to the Authority an absolute right, if, in view of any breaches by the programme contractor of his obligations under his contract with the Authority, the Authority, after giving the programme contractor a reasonable opportunity of making representations with respect to the matter, think it necessary so to do, to serve on the programme contractor a notice in writing, taking effect forthwith or on a date stated in the notice, to determine or suspend for such period as may be specified in the notice or until a further notice is given the Authority’s obligation to transmit the programmes supplied by the programme contractor (without prejudice, however, to the programme contractor’s obligations as to the supply of programmes up to the date when the notice takes effect); and where a notice is given in pursuance of a right reserved in accordance with this subsection, the programme contractor shall not be entitled to any compensation from the Authority or to any refund of any sum previously paid by him or to any relief from any liability which has accrued at the date when the notice takes effect for any sums payable by him to the Authority:

Provided that the contract shall be such as to secure that no notice is given in pursuance of a right reserved as aforesaid unless such penalties as are mentioned in subsection (2) of this section have been paid or agreed to be paid or adjudged by arbitration to be payable by the contractor in respect of breaches of the contract occurring on at least three separate occasions.

(4) The provisions of this section relating to breaches of contract on the part of programme contractors shall be without prejudice to the right of the Authority to accept as a repudiation by a programme contractor any breach of contract by the programme contractor going to the root of the contract and to any other remedies of the Authority for the enforcement of their rights in respect of contracts with programme contractors, and shall not, except as expressly provided therein, affect the jurisdiction of any court in respect of such contracts.



  • Anglia Television. 28 pp. Anglia Television, 1961.
  • Annual Report and Accounts of the ITA 1960-61. 77 pp. HMSO, 1961, 5s. 6d.
  • Annual Report and Accounts of the ITA 1961-62. 64 pp. HMSO, 1962. 4s. 6d.
  • A Regional Outlook on ITV. Reprint of a speech by the Right Hon. The Earl of Derby, M.C., in the House of Lords on 18th July 1962. 9 pp. TWW, 1962.
  • A Regional Television Station. 20 pp. Anglia Television, 1960.
  • ATV: The Midlands. 27 pp. Associated Television, 1962.
  • Both Sides of the Camera. ABC Television. A souvenir book of television programmes and the people who make them. 128 pp. Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 1960. 21s.
  • British Broadcasting. Radio and Television in the United Kingdom. Burton Paulu. 457 pp. OUP, 1956. £2 8s.
  • British Broadcasting in Transition. Burton Paulu. 250 pp. Macmillan, 1961. £1 15s. Broadcasting (Sound and Television). Mary Crozier. 236 pp. OUP, 1958. 7s. 6d.
  • Fusion. Bi-monthly company magazine. 36-48 pp. Associated-Rediffusion.
  • Grampian Television—North East Scotland’s own TV Station. A six page information leaflet on the station, its aims and objects. 6 pp. Grampian Television, 1962.
  • Independent Television Programmes — Facts and Figures. 20 pp. ITA, 1962. 1s. 6d.
  • Independent Television Programmes — More Facts and Figures. 16 pp. ITA, 1962. 1s. 6d.
  • New Channels. A report on radio and television. Bow Group. 56 pp. Bow Publications, 1962. 4s.
  • Paper No. 251. Based on the Seminar on Problems of Industrial Administration at the London School of Economics in December 1959, by Sidney L. Bernstein, Chairman of the Granada Group. 56 pp. Granada TV Network, revised edition, 1961.
  • Periodicals. Apart from the programme journals, the following regular publications are devoted to television topics: Contrast (3s. 6d. quarterly), International TV Technical Review (1s. 6d. monthly), Television Mail (1s. 6d. weekly), TV Today (supplement to The Stage, 9d. weekly).
  • Programme Journals. In each area a weekly publication gives details of the available Independent Television programmes, as follows: TV Times (separate editions for London, The Midlands, The North of England, Southern England, East Anglia, The Borders, North-East Scotland); TV Post (Ulster); Television Weekly (South Wales and the West of England); The Viewer (separate editions for Central Scotland and North-East England); Look Westward (South-West England); Channel Viewer (Channel Islands); Wales West & North TV (West and North Wales).
  • Prospects for Television. 27 pp. Political and Economic Planning (P.E.P.), 1958. 3s. 6d.
  • Spotlight on TWW. “Servant of Two Tongues” by Mary Crozier, reprinted from The Guardian, 12th October 1960, and “What Cardiff Does Today” by Alfred Francis, reprinted from Time and Tide, 24th September 1960. 8 pp. TWW, 1960.
  • Taking Television Shows on Tour. 10 pp. TWW, 1960.
  • Teledu. A news sheet in the Welsh language containing information about Independent Television in Wales. 4 pp. TWW, 1962.
  • Television in Britain. 29 pp. P.E.P., 1958. 3s. 6d.
  • The Border Discovered. 23 pp. Border Television, 1961.
  • The Creation of a Regional Station. 16 pp. Anglia Television, 1960.
  • The Local Television Service. 22 pp. Anglia Television, 1961.
  • The New Journalism. 40 pp. Independent Television News, 1962.
  • The Thomson Organisation in Great Britain. 33 pp. Scottish Television, 1960.
  • The Truth About Television. Howard Thomas. 321 pp. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1962. 25s.
  • This Wonderful World. A booklet describing the first three years of this programme series. 14 pp. Scottish Television, 1960.
  • TV: From Monopoly to Competition—and Back? Wilfred Altman, Denis Thomas, David Sawers. 120 pp. Hobart Paper 1$, revised edition July 1962. Institute of Economic Affairs. 7s. 6d.
  • Visual Journalism. 12 pp. Associated-Rediffusion, 1960
  • Wales Today and Tomorrow. A symposium of the views of members of the Welsh Board of Directors TWW Ltd. 36 pp. TWW, 1960.
  • We Cover the South. 29 pp. Southern Television, 1961.
  • Year Books. The following annuals and reference books contain information about television: Commercial Television Year Book & Directory, Business Publications Ltd. (£1 15s.); Kemp’s Film & Television Directory, Kemp (£2 2s.); International Commercial Television Rate and Data Book, World’s Press News & Advertisers’ Review (£5); International Television Almanac, Quigley Publications (£1 15s.); Spotlight Contacts, The Spotlight Ltd. (3s. quarterly); The British Film & Television Year Book, British & American Film Press (£1 15s.); World Radio TV Handbook, O. Lund Johansen (22s.).


  • Festival of the City of London. 1962 programme book, edited by Ronald Elliott. 64 pp. Associated-Rediffusion, 1962.
  • Josh White Sings. Music of the New World. The American Negro and his Music with folksong lyrics. Granada TV Network. 44 pp. MacGibbon & Kee, 1961. 2s. 6d.
  • J. S. Bach: 48 Preludes and Fugues. Performed by Rosalyn Tureck. Notes for viewers on a programme series. 23 pp. Granada TV Network, 1960.
  • Orpheus in the Underworld. Offenbach’s opera performed on ITV with the Sadler’s Wells Company. 4 pp. Granada TV Network, 1962.
  • The Royal Ballet in Cinderella. 35 pp. Granada TV Network, 1960.


  • A Description of a Market. A statistical commentary. 24 pp. Border Television, 1961.
  • A Survey of Londoners’ Opinions on Television Advertising Magazines. 44 pp. Associated-Rediffusion, 1962.
  • Advertising in a Free Society. Ralph Harris and Arthur Seldon. 216 pp. London, Institute of Economic Affairs, 1959. 18s.
  • Copy Research and Television Commercials. Norman Squirrell. 15 pp. Associated Television, 1960.
  • How a Television Commercial is Made. 32 pp. Institute of Practitioners in Advertising, 1960.
  • London Profiles. Research into product groups. No. 1. Motor cars, 113 pp.; 2. Holidays, 75 pp; 3. Grocers and advertising, 67 pp.; 4. Hardware stores and Advertising, 61 pp.; 5. Electrical dealers and advertising, 60 pp.; 6. Confectioners and tobacconists, 75 pp.; 7. Licensed traders and advertising, 72 pp.; 8. Butchers and greengrocers and advertising, 80 pp. Associated-Rediffusion, 1962.
  • Market Profiles. Subsidiary publications to The Londoner. No. 1. Chocolate covered biscuits and bars, 50 pp.; 2. Cigarettes, 50 pp.; 3. Indigestion remedies, 49 pp.; 4. Beer, 25 pp.; 5. Pet foods, 29 pp.; 6. Cold and flu remedies, 27 pp.; 7. Frozen food, 36 pp.; 8. Tooth and denture cleaners, 38 pp.; 9. Furniture polishes, 26 pp.; 10. Breakfast cereals, 40 pp. Associated-Rediffusion, 1962.
  • Marketing and Media Handbook. Demographic and media data for the Southern area. 65 pp. Southern Television, 1963.
  • Marketing Survey. Ownership of consumer durables and other goods, and information on individual behaviour in regard to smoking, drinking, holidays, etc. 28 pp. Southern Television, 1962.
  • Media and Marketing Survey of the Midlands Television Area. No. 5. April-June 1960. 195 pp. Associated Television, 1960.
  • Motivation Research and the Television Commercial. Harry Henry. 12 pp. Associated Television, 1960.
  • New Developments in Audience Research Methods. W. A. Belson. 6 pp. London School of Economics, 1958.
  • Notes of Guidance on Television Advertising (Initial Sections). Independent Television Companies Association, 1962.
  • Principles for Television Advertising. 4th edition. 16 pp. ITA, 1961.
  • Research for Programme Planning. W. A. Belson. 15 pp. Associated Television, 1960.
  • Sampling in Television Research. Alan Stuart. 16 pp. Associated Television, 1960.
  • Techniques for Testing the Effect of Television Advertising on Sales. John Downham. 14 pp. Associated Television, 1960.
  • Techniques for Measuring the Effects of Exposure to Mass Media. W. A. Belson. 6 pp. London School of Economics, 1961.
  • Television and Family Life. W. A. Belson. 5 pp. London School of Economics, 1961.
  • Television and Other Mass Media. W. A. Belson. 7 pp. London School of Economics, 1961.
  • Television and the Political Image. A study of the impact of television on the 1959 General Election, by Joseph Trenaman and Denis McQuail. 287 pp. London, Methuen, 1961.
  • Test-Marketing Handbook. Research, merchandising and other services available to advertisers. 22 pp. Southern Television, 1963.
  • The ATV Youth Market. 12 pp. Associated Television, 1960.
  • The Audience for Border Television. Research Services Ltd., September 1961, November 1961, February 1962.
  • The Brand Image and Advertising Receptiveness. Alex Mitchell. 12 pp. Associated Television, 1960.
  • The Effects of Television on the Interests and Initiative of Adult Viewers in Greater London. W. A. Belson. 14 pp. London School of Economics, 1959.
  • The Effects of Television on the Reading and the Buying of Newspapers and Magazines. W. A. Belson. 16 pp. London School of Economics, 1962.
  • The Effect of Television upon Cinema Going. W. A. Belson. 9 pp. London School of Economics, 1958.
  • The Effects of Television upon Family Life. W. A. Belson. 5 pp. London School of Economics, 1961.
  • The Half Decade. An inside story. Leonard Smith. 134 pp. Associated-Rediffusion, 1961.
  • The Londoner—Explanatory Manual. The background to The Londoner psychological research study. 158 pp. Associated-Rediffusion, 1962.
  • The Londoner. A psychological study of the London population. Three volumes. Associated-Rediffusion, 1962.
  • The Role of Merchandising in Relation to Television Advertising. 16 pp. Associated Television. 1962.
  • The United Kingdom, an Economic Study. 200 pp. Associated-Rediffusion, 1962.
  • TV’s Efficiency in Communicating. W. A. Belson. 12 pp. London School of Economics, 1961.
  • Viewing and Readership in the Border Television Area. 16 pp. Research Services Ltd., 1962.
  • Viewership Survey, January-March 1960. 149 pp. Granada TV Network, 1960.
  • What Children Watch. A survey of children’s television viewing. 58 pp. Granada TV Network, 1961.


  • A Child in our Hands. Programmes for children. 12 pp. Associated-Rediffusion, 1960.
  • Children and Television Programmes. The report of a joint committee set up by the BBC and ITA. (Committee chairman: Miss May O’Conor.) 47 pp. ITA and BBC, 1960. 3s. 6d.
  • Discovery I. Fifteen talks given by leading scientists in Granada’s “Discovery” science series. 144 pp. Methuen, 1961. 12s. 6d.
  • Discovery II. Eighteen talks by leading scientists in Granada’s science series for sixth forms. 208 pp. Arco Publications, 1962. 12s. 6d.
  • Educational Television. Some suggestions for a fourth service. 32 pp. ITA, 1961. 2s.
  • E.T.V. Conference. Report on a conference at Glasgow University. Scottish Television, 1962.
  • Midnight Oil. A survey on a teaching-by-television experiment. 12 pp. Ulster Television, 1962.
  • Notes on School Programmes. Booklets for teachers and pupils are published each term and may be obtained from the local Programme Company or the Independent Television Schools Broadcasting Secretariat. Series shown during the Autumn Term 1962 are: Art in the Making, Auf deutsch, Chemistry for Sixth Forms, Discovery, French from France, Ici la France, Notre Ville, Romeo and Juliet, Science and Understanding, Story Box, Summing It Up, The Art of Music, The World Around Us.
  • Parents, Children and Television. An opinion survey. 48 pp. ITA, 1958. 3s. 6d.
  • Record of a Conference on Educational Television. Held at the Royal Hotel, Norwich, on Saturday 6th January 1962. 50 pp. ITA, 1962.
  • School Report: The First Four Years. 112 pp. Associated-Rediffusion, 1961.
  • Television in Education. Report of a conference held at Nottinghamshire County Training College. 50 pp. Associated Television, 1961.
  • Visual Education on Scottish Television. 10 pp. Scottish Television, 1961.


  • America Abroad. A programme in the Intertel series dealing with Cambodia, South Vietnam, Pakistan and Ghana. 8 pp. Associated-Rediffusion, 1962.
  • American Viewpoints. Texts of six television interviews in the “Right to Reply” series. 40 pp. Associated Television, 1960.
  • For Richer for Poorer. An inquiry into the business of Britain. 63 pp. Granada TV Network, 1962.
  • Inquiry. Talks in Granada’s current affairs series for schools, by the Earl of Harewood, Professor S. E. Finer, Sir Charles Morris, Cecil McGivern, etc. 122 pp. Manchester University Press, 1962. 8s. 6d.
  • Living with a Giant. A programme in the Intertel series dealing with Canada. 8 pp. Associated-Rediffusion, 1962.
  • Scotland and the Common Market. An edited transcript of eight weekly programmes. 63 pp. Scottish Television, 1961.
  • Scotland Today and Tomorrow. A special programme on the state of the Scottish economy. 19 pp. Grampian Television, 1962.
  • The Four Freedoms. The background to the broadcasts. 26 pp. Associated Television, 1962.
  • The Idea Called Commonwealth. An introduction to the world’s largest group of nations. 75 pp. Scottish Television.
  • The Long Day. A one-hour TWW documentary on HM Prison, Dartmoor. 8 pp., TWW, 1962.
  • The Pill. One of the “Life in Action” programmes. 22 pp. Granada TV Network, 1961.
  • The Quiet War. A programme in the Intertel series dealing with South Vietnam. 8 pp. Associated-Rediffusion, 1961.
  • Three Programmes of Topical Importance from Bristol. 5 pp. TWW, 1961.
  • Under or Over. A series of programmes investigating the possibilities of a Channel Tunnel or Bridge. 17 pp, Southern Television, 1962.
  • Will Farmers Survive if Britain Joins the Common Market? Transcript of a programme on the European Common Market. 14 pp. ABC Television, 1961.


  • A Season of Shaw. Folders on the television performances on the “Play of the Week” series: “Major Barbara”, “Misalliance”, “Don Juan in Hell” and “The Apple Cart”. Granada TV Network, 1962.
  • Anatomy of a Television Play. A candid inquiry by John Russell Taylor into the production of Alun Owen’s “The Rose Affair” and Robert Muller’s “Afternoon of a Nymph” (ABC Armchair Theatre). 223 pp. 64 pp. illus. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1962. 25s.
  • Emergency-Ward 10. A descriptive booklet on the occasion of the 500th episode. 16 pp. Associated Television, 1962.
  • Granada’s Manchester Plays. Television adaptations of six plays recalling the Horniman Period at the Gaiety Theatre, Manchester. 310 pp. Manchester University Press, 1962. 25s.
  • ITV and the Theatre in Bristol. Reprinted from Time and Tide, 23rd March 1961. 4 pp. TWW, 1961.
  • New Granada Plays. Six selected plays for television. 222 pp. Faber & Faber, 1961. 18s.
  • No Hiding Place: a Programme Planned for Success. A research report. 29 pp. Associated-Rediffusion, 1962.
  • Somerset Maugham Stories. 12 pp. Associated-Rediffusion, 1961.
  • The Armchair Theatre. ABC Television. How to write, design, direct, act, enjoy television plays. 115 pp., plus 64 illus. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1959. 21s.


  • About Television. Phyllis Ladyman. How television works explained in colour pictures (for children, but grown-ups may learn from it too). 31 pp. Granada TV Network. Brockhampton Press, 1960. 3s. 6d.
  • An Arabian Night. The programme presented on the opening of Studio 5 and details about the studio. 26 pp. Associated-Rediffusion, 1960.
  • Elstree Studio Centre. 38 pp. Associated Television, 1961.
  • 405:625. A plan for changing to 625 lines while retaining VHF transmission. 19 pp. ITA, 1961. is. 6d.
  • How TV Works. The technical story for non-technical people. 48 pp. Granada TV Network. Methuen, 1960. 5s.
  • What is a Television Centre? Description of the Granada TV Centre, Manchester. 28 pp. Granada TV Network, 1962.


  • Once a Kingdom. A six-part inquiry into the story of East Anglia, its land and people. 4 booklets. Anglia Television, 1962.
  • Southern Heritage. Historic events in the South of England. 13 pp. Southern Television, 1961.
  • Ten Years a Queen. Transcript of a programme transmitted in 1962. 20 pp. Associated-Rediffusion, 1962.


  • Farm in the South. Describes the regular series of programmes for farmers. 12 pp. Southern Television, 1962.
  • The Border Television Cook Book. Recipes from “Focus About The Home”. 40 pp. Border Television, 1962.
  • The Other Man’s Farm. Franklin Engelmann in collaboration with Jack Hargreaves of The Farmer’s Weekly describes 26 of the farms visited in the last three years by ABC Television. 256 pp., 32 pp. illus. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1962. 25s.


  • About Religion. Five years of religious broadcasting. 26 pp. Associated Television, 1961.
  • A Man Dies. A dramatisation for our times of the Passion and Crucifixion. 2 booklets. 10 pp., 41 pp. ABC Television, 1961.
  • A New Pulpit. An inaugural course of training in television for clergymen. 6 pp. Scottish Television, 1961.
  • For All to See. The enthronement of the 100th Archbishop of Canterbury. 14 pp. Southern Television, 1961.
  • Journey of a Lifetime. The Ven. Carlyle Witton-Davies retraces the pilgrimage to Israel and Jordan by Anne Lawson and John Bonney on behalf of ABC Television, and tells the story of the two film series. 144 pp. 60 pp. illus. Arthur Barker, 1962. 12s. 6d.
  • Laudes Evangelii. A miracle play inspired by Byzantine mosaics, the paintings of Giotto and the Canticles of thirteenth- and fourteenth-century Italy. 26 pp. Associated-Rediffusion, 1961.
  • One Church. Transcript of a discussion on Church Unity. 12 pp. Westward Television, 1962.
  • Religious Programmes on Independent Television. 64 pp. ITA, 1962. 3s. 6d.
  • Television and Christianity. A report on a two-day course for junior clergy. 10 pp. TWW, 1962.


  • At the Zoo. A report on the Granada TV and Film Unit at London and Whipsnade Zoos. 8 pp. Granada TV Network, 1961.
  • Borneo Jungle: Another World. Three programmes on Sarawak, made by Tom Harrisson, D.S.O., O.B.E., and his wife Barbara. 23 pp. Granada TV Network, 1961.
  • Communication in the Modern World. The British Association/Granada Guildhall Lectures, 1961. Contributors: Sir James Gray, Professor Hermann Bondi, Sir John Wolfenden. 80 pp. University of London Press, 1961. 4s. 6d.
  • Pegasus Overland. A real-life adventure series. Folded brochure. TWW, 1960.
  • S.O.S. Rhino. A programme in the “Survival” series. 14 pp. Anglia Television, 1960. Space. Three programmes devoted to information and opinion on space research. 20 pp. Southern Television, 1961.
  • Tomorrow May Be Too Late. A programme in the “Survival” series. 22 pp. Anglia Television, 1960.


  • Golf on Scottish Television. 6pp. Scottish Television, 1961.
  • Seeing Sport. By Pitkin Pictorials Ltd., for Desmond Lloyd Publications Ltd. 128 pp. illus. September 1962. 15s.

Some ITA Publications

Parents, Children and Television A survey of the opinions of parents about television’s influence on their children.
ITA 1958, 3s. 6d. post free
Educational Television An examination of the possibilities of a specialised teaching service in television.
ITA 1961, 2s. 0d. post free
405:625 A plan for securing the advantages of 625-line television while retaining the advantages of VHF transmission.
ITA 1961, 1s. 6d. post free
Religious Programmes on Independent Television A discussion of the problems and possibilities of religious television.
ITA 1962, 3s. 0d. post free
Annual Report and Accounts 1961-62 The report of the Independent Television Authority for year ended 31st March 1962.
HMSO, 4s. 6d. post free
Available also from Government bookshops
The Authority’s Stations An account of the development of the ITA transmitting stations with maps showing coverage areas and reception conditions.
ITA 1962, 2s. 6d. each post free

ITV 1963

A comprehensive guide for the 40 million viewers of Independent Television.



The Independent Television System

The Programme Companies

Programme Policy

News and News Magazines

Talks, Discussions, Documentaries

The Arts


Children and Television

School Programmes

Adult Education


Light Entertainment


Welsh Programmes

The ITV Audience

Advertising Control

Technical Achievements

Staff and Organisation



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